Cigarettes are highly_____。(addict)
It was as he swung around to look in his toolbox for the cigarettes that Eddie saw the lump. Right in the middle of the brand new bright red carpet, there was a lump. A lump the size of a packet of cigarettes.
"I've done it again？ said Eddie angrily. "I've left the cigarettes under the carpet？
He had done this once before, and taking up and refitting the carpet had taken him two hours. Eddie was determined that he was not going to spend another two hours in this house. He decided to get rid of the lump another way. It would mean wasting a good packet of cigarettes, nearly full, but anything was better than taking up the whole carpet and fitting it again .He turned to his toolbox for a large hammer.
Eddie didn't want to damage the carpet itself, so he took a block of wood and placed it on top of the lump. Then he began to beat the block of wood as hard as he could. He kept beating, hoping Mrs. Vanbrugh wouldn't hear the noise and come to see what he was doing. It would be difficult to explain why he was hammering the middle of her beautiful new carpet... The lump was beginning to flatten out.
After three or four minutes, the job was finally finished. Eddie picked up his tools, and began to walk out to his car. Mrs. Vanbrugh accompanied him. She seemed a little worried about something.
"Young man, while you were working today, you didn't by any chance see any sign of Armand, did you？ Armand is my bird. I let him out of his cage, you see, this morning, and he's disappeared. He likes to walk around the house, and he usually just comes back to his cage after an hour or so and gets right in. Only today he didn't come back. He's never done such a thing before, it's most peculiar..."
"No, madam, I haven't seen him anywhere," said Eddie, as he reached to start the car.
And he saw his packet of Marlboro cigarettes on the panel, where he had left it at lunchtime....
And he remembered the lump in the carpet...
What did Eddie want to do when he had finished fitting the carpet？
A．To have a cigarette.
B．To hammer the carpet flat.
C．To put back his tools.
D．To start work in the dining room.
Survey results indicate that smoking and alcohol and marijuana(大麻) use increased among residents of Manhattan during the 5～8 weeks after the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center which took place on September 11, 2001. Almost one third of the nearly 1,000 persons interviewed reported an increased use of alcohol, marijuana, or cigarettes following the September 11th attacks. The largest increase was in alcohol use. 1About one fourth of the respondents said they were drinking more alcohol in the weeks after September 11; about 10% reported an increase in smoking, and 3.2% said they had increased their use of marijuana.
The investigators found survey participants by randomly dialing New York City phone numbers and screened (筛选) potential respondents for Manhattan residents living in areas close to the World Trade Center. Interviews were conducted with 988 individuals between October 16 and November 15, 2001. Participants were asked about their cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking, and marijuana use habits before and after September 11. During the week prior to September 11, 2001, 22.6% of the participants reported smoking cigarettes, 59.1% drinking alcohol, and 4.4% using marijuana. After September 11th, 23.4% reported smoking cigarettes, 64.4% drinking alcohol, and 5.7% smoking marijuana. Among those who smoked, almost 10% reported smoking at least an extra pack of cigarettes a week and among those who drank alcohol, more than 20% reported drinking at least one extra drink a day.
The researchers found that people who reported an increase in substance abuse were more likely to suffer from post traumatic(外伤的)stress disorder (PTSD) and from depression. People who reported an increase in cigarette smoking or marijuana use were also more likely to have both P1SD and depression, while those who reported an increase in alcohol use were more likely to have depression only. Persons who were living closer to the World Trade Center were more likely to increase their cigarette smoking, but other factors such as being displaced from home, losing possessions during the attacks, or being involved in the rescue efforts were not consistently associated with increased substance use. Symptoms of panic attack were associated with an increase in the use of all substances.
Increase in substance abuse did not differ significantly between men and women or among racial or ethnic groups. Demographic(人口统计学的) factors such ms age, marital status, and income seemed to play a more critical role in determining if the events of September 11th led to an increase in substance use.
The survey results suggest that the largest increase in substance use was ______.
A week ago, the Caiifomia Assembly approved the measure, which--in addition to raising the age limit--treats electronic cigarettes the same as tobacco products, expands smoke-free areas, in-creases smoking bans and allows counties to collect higher taxes on cigarettes than the 87-cent per pack state tax. The Assembly&39; s vote came a few days after the city of San Francisco increased the age to buy tobacco products to 21.
California lawmakers passed the bill despite lobbying (游说)from tobacco interests. The meas-ure also faced opposition from many Republicans, who said the state should not be involved in po-licing people&39; s personal choices. "I don&39; t smoke. I don&39; t encourage my children to," said Re-publican Assemblyman Donald Wagner. "But they&39; re adults, and it&39; s our job to treat our citizens as adults. "
But supporters of the bill say raising the age to 21 moves legally purchased tobacco that much farther from younger kids. " This will save the medical system millions of dollars," said Democratic Assemblyman Jim Wood. (76 ) "It will save thousands of lives. " A 2015 study by the Institute of Medicine "found that if the minimum legal age to buy tobacco were raised to 21 nation-wide, tobacco use would drop by 12 percent by the time today&39; s teens reached adulthood. In addi-tion, there would be 223,000 fewer premature (过早的) deaths and 50,000 fewer deaths from lung cancer. "
Which of the following is the first state to raise smoking age to 21？
The California law includes all the following measures EXCEPT__________.A.enlarging no-smoking areas
B.allowing counties to collect higher taxes on cigarettes
C.increasing smoking bans
D.punishing parents who encourage their children to smoke
The word policing in Paragraph 3 probably means__________.A.enriching
Who is against the bill？A.Governor Jerry Brown.
B.Assemblyman Donald Wagner.
C.Assemblyman Jim Wood
E.The mayor of San Francisco.
Which of the following is an appropriate title for the passage？A.Calitbrnia Lawmakers Vote to Raise Smoking Age to 21
B.San Francisco Increased the Age to Buy Tobacco Products to 21
C.Hawaii Has Already Raised the Age Limit to Buy Tobacco
D.A California Bill Faces Opposition from Many Republicans
The wine that claims "It’s like taking a trip to France" wants you to think about a romantic evening in Paris as you walk along the street after a wonderful meal in an intimate cart. Of course, you don’t really believe that a wine can take you to France, but the goal of the ad is to get you to think pleasant, romantic thoughts about France and not about how the wine tastes or how expensive it may be. That little word "like" has taken you away from crushed grapes into a world of your own imaginative making. Who knows, maybe the next time you buy wine, you'll think those pleasant thoughts when you see this brand of wine, and you'll buy it.
How about the most famous "like" claim of all, "Winston tastes good like a cigarette should"？ Ignoring the grammatical error here, you might want to know what this claim is saying. Whether a cigarette tastes good or bad is a subjective judgment because what tastes good to one per son may well taste horrible to another. There are many people who say that all cigarettes taste terrible, other people who say only some cigarettes taste all right, and still others who say all cigarettes taste good.
The word "like" in an ad often focuses the consumer’s attention on ______.
A．what the advertiser says about the product
B．what magic the product really possesses
C．why the advertiser promotes the product
D．why the product is as good as promised
There are a number of factors, which determine the onset of smoking, and these are largely psychological and social. They include availability of cigarettes, curiosity, rebelliousness, appearing thought, anticipation of adulthood, social confidence, the example of parents and teachers, and smoking by friends and older brothers and sisters.
It should be much easier to prevent children from starting to smoke than to persuade adults to give up the habit once established, but in fact this has proved very difficult. The example set by people in authority, especially parents, health care workers, and teachers, is of prime importance. School roles should forbid smoking by children on the premises. This role has been introduced at Summerhill School where I spent my schooldays.
There is, however, a risk of children smoking just to rebel against the rules, and even in those schools which have tried to enforce no smoking by corporal punishment there is as much smoking as in other schools. Nevertheless, banning smoking is probably on balance beneficial. Teachers too should not smoke on school premises, at least not in front of children.
In this passage the author puts an emphasis on ______.
A．the effect of smoking among children
B．the difficulty in preventing children from smoking
C．the reasons why children start smoking among children
D．the measures to ban smoking among children
Its effects are ___16___ those of cocaine and heroin. "No Tobacco Day" is intended for smokers and ___17___ who earn money from tobacco sales. So businesses are urged to stop selling tobacco products for twenty-four hours. ___18___ are urged not to carry advertisements for cigarettes.
WHO has approved plans to help reach its ___19___ of a "smoke-free" world. They urge governments to take action to help ___20___ make money by growing other crops. They also call for improved public information campaigns about the risks of smoking.